Polymer grade BioEthylene can be polymerized in a specialized process and converted into polyethylene and used for a large variety of purposes. Polyethylene production is a significant industry and is generally considered the most common type of plastic material, it is has annual global demand over 80 million tonnes. The long thermoplastic polymer is comprised over very long hydrocarbon chains. These chains form the polyethylene molecule that can hold many different properties depending on structural grade. The various grades of material provide a large range of utilities which range from packaging films, sturdy bottles, gasoline tanks, and many other uses.
This variety and grade is mostly based on the overall density and branching of the Polyethylene chains. High Density Polyethylene (HDPE), Linear Low-Density Polyethylene (LLDPE), and Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE) are three of the more desirable product chains. Many others varieties also exist such as Ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE), Cross-linked Polyethylene (PEX or XLPE), Medium-Density Polyethylene (MDPE), and very Very-Low Density Polyethylene (VLDPE). Their properties vary, but the higher density variants can with stand higher temperatures, yield greater tensile strength, and usually opaque. As opposed to the lower density types that also tough, but are flexible, soft, good conductors, and are typically observed to be translucent.
This is extremely useful byproduct is yet another specialty of Petron Scientech, which can be created through biomass or ethanol to ethylene technology integration. Since the BioEthylene monomer is structurally identical to its petroleum counterpart, the process of the BioPolyethylene are identical to petroleum routes. In customer applications, BioPolyethylene has been shown to give a distinguishably better product than the petroleum-ethylene based polymer.
The vast majority of bioethanol presently come from readily available plants that were also harvest for food, such as corn and sugarcane. This can lead to an imbalance of needs based on leverage between using those plants for fuel, food, or for production of chemicals and plastics. Therefore, Petron Scientech has been engaged in a new type of technology that allows for a new source of bioethanol and increases the types of sources available to be converted in production.
This 2nd generation bioethanol technology uses lignocellulose components found in all plants, forests, farming land, and agricultural waste. It is heavily abundant in nature and has a very high energy value if converted properly. Looking at a plant cell, we will be able to find plant cell wall to be covered in lignin, followed by hemicellulose, and then finally by cellulose itself. The cellulose microfiber structure contains the glucose sugar molecules that we need to form bioethanol.
This allows us to use new forms of resources that we previously would have discarded. Sources include, but are not limited to; corn stover, sugarcane bagasse, and various energy crops such as switchgrass, sorghum, or cassava. The new process utilizes new advanced biochemical process to release the stored glucose for production needs.